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Eye & Vision Exams

Eye Exam Image

At Bay Family Eye Care, we strive to provide comprehensive, primary eye care for the whole family. Preventative and routine eye exams are important to maintaining good eye health. Often, eye and vision problems do not have obvious symptoms or signs, but are easily diagnosed by a licensed optometrist. By diagnosing eye and vision conditions early on, our optometrist is able provide treatment options and in many cases restore or prevent vision loss. The American Optometric Association recommends yearly or bi-yearly eye and vision exams, depending on whether you are at-risk or not.

The following tests and screenings are performed during our annual eye exam:

  • Near and Distance Vision Acuity
  • Color Perception
  • Depth Perception
  • Auto Refractor - a computerized method of obtaining a baseline prescription
  • Non-Contact Tonometry - an instrument that allows us to measure your intra-ocular pressure to screen for glaucoma
  • OCT - a digital photograph of the macula and optic nerve to screen for macular degeneration and glaucoma
  • Topography - a topographical map of the cornea to aid in contact lens fitting
  • Extra Ocular Muscle Testing
  • Confrontational Visual Field Testing
  • Pupil Screening - to ensure that your pupils are equal, round, and reactive to light
  • Convergence and Accomodative Testing
  • Dilation
  • Computerized Refraction
  • Comprehensive Assessment performed by one of our doctors to examine all structures of the eye including the lids, lashes, tear film, cornea, conjunctiva, macula, retina, blood vessels and peripheral structures within the eye.

Eye Exam and Consultation

During an eye exam, our technicians will ask you questions about any symptoms or issues you are experiencing, medications you are currently taking, any blurry vision, your work environment, and your overall health. Family history and previous eye or vision conditions will also be discussed during this part of the examination. Our doctors will consider this information when determining any treatments or recommendations.

Vision Testing

Regular vision testing and evaluations ensure that you always have the clearest vision possible. Our optometrists provides regular vision acuity test as part of a comprehensive eye exam. Our doctors will measure how each eye is seeing by using a wall eye chart and a reading eye chart. The results of these tests are portrayed as a fraction, with 20/20 being the standard for normal distance and reading vision. Depending on the results of your vision test, our doctors may prescribe corrective glasses, contacts, or eye exercises.

Eye Function Testing

In addition to vision testing, an eye exam in our office includes testing eye functionality. Our technicians perform several tests to evaluate depth perception, color vision, eye muscle capabilities, peripheral vision, and responsiveness to light. Several other simple tests are completed to determine whether the eyes are focusing, moving, and working together properly. The test results enable our doctors to diagnose any underlying conditions that may be impairing the eyes ability to focus or work together.

Eye Health

As part of a comprehensive eye exam, our doctors examine the overall health of the eye through a visual examination and tonometry. Our doctors evaluate the eye health by visually inspecting the eye and eyelids using magnification and a bright light. To examine the internal structures of the eye, we dilate the pupils. Increased eye pressure may be an indicator of glaucoma, so we utilize tonometry to measure eye pressure. After completing these short tests, our doctors review the results and discuss the treatment options with you. Contact us at 410.796.4555 today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.

Office Hours


9:00 am-4:00 pm


9:00 am-4:00 pm


12:00 pm-6:00 pm


12:00 pm-6:00 pm


9:00 am-4:00 pm


9:00 am-12:00 pm